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China approves Phase-4 moon mission with int’l lunar research station

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Phase four of China’s lunar exploration program has obtained state approval and is proceeding smoothly, the China National Space Administration (CNSA) announced on Saturday, following the country’s announcement of the discovery of new mineral Changesite-(Y) on September 9.

The Phase-4 lunar mission, consisting of the Chang’e-6, -7, and -8, is to be carried out successively in 10 years with the aims of exploring the moon’s South Pole region and building a basic structure for the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS), said Liu Jizhong, director of Lunar Exploration and Space Program Center under the CNSA.

The Chang’e-6 will be sent to retrieve samples from the far side of the moon and return them to Earth.

“The production of the Chang’e-6 probe has almost been completed. To better understand the moon, given that the Chang’e-4 went to the far side of the moon for the first time, we, after discussions with engineers and scientists, decided to have the Chang’e-6 probe to retrieve samples from the far side of the moon and return them to Earth. So the samples will be much more valuable,” Liu told China Media Group (CMG).

The fourth phase of China’s lunar exploration program has obtained state approval and is proceeding smoothly, the China National Space Administration announced on September 10, 2022. /CMG

According to the CNSA, the exploration of the South Pole will be completed by Chang’e-6 and -7, while Chang’e-8 will feature key technologies for lunar surface tests and preliminary exploration for the construction of the ILRS.

Liu said the Chang’e-7 probe is under development.

“The purpose of our missions is to lay the foundation for building a lunar station, so there are a lot of technologies to be tackled and we need to explore the energy on the moon. Great challenges lay ahead of us. However, with our previous experiences and an excellent team, I believe we will succeed.”

Read More:

Director of China’s Lunar Exploration Program: Lunar sample findings have great significance

(L-R) Images of the Chang’e-1, Chang’e-2, Chang’e-3 and Chang’e-4 probes. /CGTN

China’s lunar probe missions

China launched four lunar missions between 2007 and 2019 under the country’s lunar exploration program, known as the Chang’e Project after the Chinese moon goddess.

China’s first lunar probe, the Chang’e-1, was launched in October 2007. It was a lunar-orbiting spacecraft that worked 200 kilometers above the moon. Gathering a huge amount of data, it marked the first step of China’s ambitious three-step moon mission.

The Chang’e-2 probe, which was launched in 2010, traveled more than 100 million kilometers from Earth, setting a record for the longest flight by a Chinese spacecraft.

In 2013, the Chang’e-3 became China’s first spacecraft to soft-land on the moon and the Yutu rover drove on the moon.

In 2018, the Chang’e-4 landed on the far side of the moon, the first spacecraft to do so.

The Chang’e-5 probe landed on Earth with 1,731 grams of samples from the moon in 2020, marking the completion of China’s first attempt to retrieve and return samples from the moon.

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U.S. and EU to launch first-of-its-kind AI agreement

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The U.S. and European Union on Friday announced an agreement to speed up and enhance the use of artificial intelligence to improve agriculture, healthcare, emergency response, climate forecasting and the electric grid.

A senior U.S. administration official, discussing the initiative shortly before the official announcement, called it the first sweeping AI agreement between the U.S. and Europe. Previously, agreements on the issue had been limited to specific areas such as enhancing privacy, the official said.

AI modeling, which refers to machine-learning algorithms that use data to make logical decisions, could be used to improve the speed and efficiency of government operations and services.

“The magic here is in building joint models (while) leaving data where it is,” the senior administration official said. “The U.S. data stays in the U.S. and European data stays there, but we can build a model that talks to the European and the U.S. data because the more data and the more diverse data, the better the model.”

The initiative will give governments greater access to more detailed and data-rich AI models, leading to more efficient emergency responses and electric grid management, and other benefits, the administration official said.

Pointing to the electric grid, the official said the U.S. collects data on how electricity is being used, where it is generated, and how to balance the grid’s load so that weather changes do not knock it offline.

Many European countries have similar data points they gather relating to their own grids, the official said. Under the new partnership all of that data would be harnessed into a common AI model that would produce better results for emergency managers, grid operators and others relying on AI to improve systems.

The partnership is currently between just the White House and the European Commission, the executive arm of the 27-member European Union. The senior administration official said other countries will be invited to join in the coming months.

Source(s): CGTN

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China’s Deep Space Exploration Lab eyes top global talents

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China’s Deep Space Exploration Lab (DSEL) said Monday that it is inviting top global talents to apply for the 2023 Overseas Outstanding Young Talents Program, to promote the development of deep-space exploration.

According to the DSEL, the program, funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, aims to attract outstanding young scholars from overseas, who have made achievements in the natural sciences, engineering and technology, to come and work in China.

Applicants are invited to take part in research on aerospace science and technology, space science and technology, planetary science, physics, astronomy, nuclear science and technology, biology, chemistry and materials science, electronic information and technology, mechanical engineering, artificial intelligence and other fields related to deep-space exploration, said the DSEL.

Co-established by the China National Space Administration, Anhui Province, and the University of Science and Technology of China, the DSEL is headquartered in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui, and has a branch in Beijing. Since its establishment, the laboratory has conducted science and technology research focusing on major national projects in deep-space exploration.

The DSEL aims to promote the long-term development of deep-space exploration regarding the moon, planets, asteroids and the edge of the solar system.

Source(s): Xinhua & CGTN

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Thoddoo will be introduced to Smart Solutions by HDC.

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BY:FATHIMATH LAUZA

The Housing Development Corporation (HDC) has inked a deal to provide Smart Solutions to Thoddoo, Alifu Alifu Atoll.

According to the agreement, HDC will build an Open Access Network in Thoddoo and utilize it for Smart Farming, Smart Surveillance, and a Smart Bench. The state-owned corporation declared that its goal is to enable connection and Smart Solutions for the island.

HDC has erected an Open Access Network, Smart Pole, and Smart Bench in Hulhumale’ as part of its Smart City Solutions and plans to expand its expertise to neighboring islands.The firm has an ambitious goal of establishing Smart and linked communities and is paving the road for Hulhumale’ to become a digitally thriving Smart City under the Smartcom brand.

As a result, HDC has been investing in digital infrastructure, discovering and exploiting new technologies, and implementing Smart Solutions to promote sustainable urban development, social involvement, mobility, and the creation of a safer, cleaner environment and liveable city.

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