An Interview with H.E. Ambassador Wang Lixin by Maldivian Media on the 20th CPC National Congress
Q: On 22nd October, the much-anticipated 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was successfully concluded with worldwide attention. What is the significance of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China to the CPC and China?
A: The 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is an event of great importance. It takes place at a critical time as the entire Party and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups embark on a new journey to build China into a modern socialist country in all respects and advance toward the Second Centenary Goal. It is a congress of holding high our banner, pooling our strength and forging ahead in unity. The Congress, holding high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics and fully implementing the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, analyzed the international and domestic situation, reviewed the work of the past five years and the great changes of the new era decade, and explained the Chinese characteristics, essential requirements, and other important issues in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of our times and taking a Chinese path to modernization. The Congress has made major strategic plans for taking China on a new journey toward building a modern socialist country in all respects and advancing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts, clearly defined the course and action guide for advancing the cause of the Party and the country in the New Era and on the new journey toward the Second Centenary Goal. The report to the Congress is a political manifesto and a guide for action for the Communist Party of China to bring Chinese people together to secure a new victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is also a programmatic document of Marxism.
Q: What do you think is the most important achievement of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China?
A: The most important achievement of this Congress is that it has elected the new leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, which promotes and practices democracy throughout the process and reflects the common aspiration of the whole Party and the whole nation, establishing Comrade Xi Jinping’s core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole and establishing the guiding role of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. World history has repeatedly proven that a strong leadership core and scientifically advanced theories are the key to a country’s development and growth. With President Xi Jinping continuing to steer the ship and with the correct guidance of Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, we will certainly be able to achieve the development strategies and goals established at the 20th CPC National Congress.
Q: How does the 20th CPC National Congress review the work carried out in the past five years and the great changes in the past decade and in New Era China?
A: The five years since the 19th National Congress have been truly momentous and extraordinary. The Party Central Committee has pursued a strategy of national rejuvenation amid global changes of a magnitude unseen in a century. It has rallied the people and led them in solving a great number of problems that had long gone unsolved, securing many accomplishments that hold major future significance, and achieving impressive advances in the cause of the Party and the country.
Ten years have passed since the Party’s 18th National Congress. The past decade marked three major events of great immediate importance and profound historical significance for the cause of the Party and the people: We embraced the centenary of the Communist Party of China; we ushered in a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics; and we eradicated absolute poverty and finished building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, thus completing the First Centenary Goal. These were historic feats—feats accomplished by the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people striving in unity, feats that will be forever recorded in the Chinese nation’s history, and feats that will profoundly influence the world.
Q: Over the past hundred years, the CPC has successfully led the Chinese people in making great development achievements. What’s the secret to its success?
A: Marxism is the fundamental guiding ideology upon which our Party and our country are founded and thrive. Our experience has taught us that, at the fundamental level, we owe the success of our Party and socialism with Chinese characteristics to the fact that Marxism works, particularly when it is adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of our times. Since the 18th National Congress, the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has been committed to integrating the basic tenets of Marxism with China’s specific realities and fine traditional culture, and has put forward a series of new ideas, new thinking, and new strategies on national governance, and has achieved a new breakthrough in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of our times. Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era is the Marxism of contemporary China and of the 21st century. It embodies the best of the Chinese culture and ethos in our times.
The historic achievements and historic shifts China has made over the past decade fully demonstrate the strong power of truth and great power of practice of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.
Q: What is the mission and task of the CPC on the New Journey of the New Era?
A: The 20th CPC National Congress clearly states that from this day forward, the central task of the Communist Party of China will be to lead the Chinese people of all ethnic groups in a concerted effort to realize the Second Centenary Goal of building China into a great modern socialist country in all respects and to advance the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through a Chinese path to modernization.
To build China into a great modern socialist country in all respects, we have adopted a two-step strategic plan: Basically realize socialist modernization from 2020 through 2035, and build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful from 2035 through the middle of this century.
Q: Could you please describe what kind of modernization the 20th CPC National Congress proposed as Chinese modernization refers to?
A：Chinese modernization is socialist modernization pursued under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. It contains elements that are common to the modernization processes of all countries, but it is more characterized by features that are unique to the Chinese context. It is the modernization of a huge population, the modernization of common prosperity for all, the modernization of material and cultural-ethical advancement, the modernization of harmony between humanity and nature, and the modernization of peaceful development.
The essential requirements of Chinese modernization are as follows: upholding the leadership of the Communist Party of China and socialism with Chinese characteristics, pursuing high-quality development, developing whole-process people’s democracy, enriching the people’s cultural lives, achieving common prosperity for all, promoting harmony between humanity and nature, building a human community with a shared future, and creating a new form of human advancement.
In short, Chinese modernization is rooted in China and oriented to the world, expanding the way to modernization for developing countries and providing a Chinese solution for humanity to explore better social systems, and offering a new choice for mankind to realize modernization.
Q: How will the new CPC Central Committee leadership lead the Chinese people to realize the Second Centenary Goal and to advance the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation？
A：President Xi pointed out in the Report to the 20th National Congress that building a modern socialist country in all respects is a great and arduous endeavor. Our future is bright, but we still have a long way to go. On the journey ahead, we must firmly adhere to the following major principles：upholding and strengthening the Party’s overall leadership, following the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, applying a people-centered development philosophy, remaining committed to deepening reform and opening up, and carrying forward our fighting spirit. All of us in the Party must forge ahead with confidence and determination; proactively identify, respond to, and steer changes and prevent and defuse risks; and keep on striving to secure new successes in building a modern socialist China in all respects.
On October 23rd, President Xi Jinping, who was elected general secretary of the 20th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) at its first plenary session, together with members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee elected at the session, met with Chinese and foreign journalists in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
On behalf of the CPC’s new central leadership, President Xi stressed, “On the journey ahead, we shall always keep an enterprising spirit. For our part, we must forge ahead with resolve and take on more responsibility. We must show greater historical initiative in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times, write new chapters in developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era and strive hard to achieve the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation.”
President Xi stressed, “For the people, relying on the people, is the position that the Communist Party of China will continue to uphold. We have relied closely on the people and made great major achievements. Looking to the future, we still have to rely on the people to create new historical feats. We will always maintain close ties with the people, stand with them through good times and bad, and continue working tirelessly to realize their aspirations for a better life.”
President Xi highlighted, “We must always promote the party’s self-reform. Confronted with new challenges and tests on the journey ahead, we must remain on high alert and stay sober-minded and prudent like a student sitting for a never-ending exam. We must not hold our steps in exercising for a vigorous intraparty governance. We must make sure that our century-old Party, the biggest in the world, will become ever more vigorous through self-reform and continue to be the strong backbone that the Chinese people can lean on at all times.”
Q: What impact will the 20th CPC National Congress have on the world?
A: As President Xi pointed out, today’s world is facing unprecedented challenges. China has always maintained that the future destiny of mankind should be grasped and decided by the peoples of the world. As long as we walk together, all countries will be able to live in harmony, cooperate and win together to create a better future for the world. Together with all peoples, we will promote the common values of peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom for all humankind, safeguard world peace, promote world development and continue to promote the building of a community of human destiny.
Just as China cannot develop in isolation from the world, the world needs China for its development. Through over 40 years of relentless reform and opening-up, we have created the twin miracles of fast economic growth and long-term social stability. The Chinese economy has great resilience, potential and latitude. Its strong fundamentals will not change, and it will remain on a positive trajectory over the long run. China will open its door wider to the outside world. We will be steadfast in deepening reform and opening up across the board and in pursuing high-quality development. A prosperous China will create many more opportunities for the world.
The success of the 20th CPC National Congress has sounded a clarion call for China to embark on a new journey and injected new impetus into the development of China-Maldives relations in the new era. Taking the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations as an opportunity to continue the traditional China-Maldives friendship, China is willing to work with the Maldives to enhance political mutual trust, deepen practical cooperation, strengthen people-to-people exchanges, enhance multilateral collaboration, and accelerate the implementation of the Global Development Initiative and the Global Security Initiative. Holding dear humanity’s shared values of peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy, and freedom, we’ll build a brighter future for China-Maldives relations!
ACC probes corruption claims involving ex-MPs and ministers
The Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) has opened an investigation into allegations of corruption involving several former parliamentarians and government ministers.
A spokesperson from the ACC told Sun on Thursday said the case involves deposits made from state-owned enterprises to companies they own stakes in.
The ACC said that it recently received complaints regarding the case.
However, the spokesperson declined to disclose any details regarding the investigation.
The investigation comes with Maldives set to elect the next parliamentary assembly on March 17. A number of incumbent and former parliamentarians are contesting the election.
MDP submits an anti-defection bill
The main opposition MDP says it has submitted an anti-defection bill to prevent floor crossing, but was facing challenges in pushing the legislature through.
In a press briefing on Thursday evening, MDP’s parliamentary group leader, Mohamed Rasheed Hussain (Bigey) told reporters that the bill was submitted to the Parliament by Baarah MP Ahmed Abdulla. But he did not specify when it was submitted.
According to Bigey, the bill was submitted due to great public concern over cases of floor crossing.
“But we have been unable to push this through to the Parliament floor due to various reasons. The Parliament’s secretariat has yet to facilitate this opportunity,” said Bigey, who represents the Alifushi constituency.
MDP’s legal director Hisaan Hussain, who represents the Thulhaadhoo constituency in the Parliament, told reporters that the bill submitted by MDP is different from the anti-defection legislature which was passed, and then later repealed by the PPM administration in 2018.
Hisaan said the previous legislature disqualified lawmakers who are expelled by their parties.
“Even back then, we said it cannot be done that way. Even political parties must not have such great power over a lawmaker and the chance to abuse that power,” she said.
Hisaan said the greatest difference with MDP’s bill is that it requires lawmakers elected on party tickets to resign if they voluntarily leave the party.
Secondly, lawmakers who are expelled from their party will be subjected to a recall vote – which will be held by the Elections Commission (EC).
“After a recall referendum, if the constituents decide they do not want the lawmaker to represent the seat, then the lawmaker will be required to resign from the Parliament,” she said.
She, too, said the MDP face facing challenges in scheduling the bill.
She added that the Parliament’s secretariate still had the same top officials who were there when the previous anti-defection legislature was submitted and passed.
Hisaan did not elaborate on the challenges the MDP if facing in pushing the legislature through, but said that the speaker and deputy speaker – both of whom belong to the MDP – are working on resolving the issue.
The previous anti-defection legislature was formulated in response to a Supreme Court ruling in July 2017, in which the top court established that lawmakers would lose their seat if they left or were expelled the party they were elected from, or if they switched parties. The ruling, which contentiously stripped the seats of a dozen lawmakers who left the then-ruling PPM, called for the formulation of anti-defection legislature.
The bill was submitted by the then-PPM parliamentary group leader Ahmed Nihan Hussain Manik in March 2018. But the bill was repealed in November 2018.
Chinese envoy: Immediate ceasefire in Gaza is the universal call
A Chinese envoy said Thursday that an immediate ceasefire in Gaza is the universal call of the international community and the overwhelming consensus of Council members.
Two days ago, the Council once again missed an opportunity to push for a ceasefire in Gaza because of the veto of an Algerian-drafted resolution by the United States, said Zhang Jun, China’s permanent representative to the United Nations, stressing that “the realization of an immediate ceasefire in Gaza is an urgent requirement to save innocent lives and to prevent a wider war.”
The envoy said that China has noted that the U.S. has introduced a new draft resolution and hopes that the United States will adopt a responsible attitude, and respect the established consensus of the members of the Security Council.
The core of the Council’s action must be the immediate realization of a ceasefire, and the relevant signals must be clear, unambiguous and unmistakable, rather than evasive and covert, he told the Security Council.
“What the Council needs at this time is strong determination, not just negotiating skills,” Zhang emphasized.
Zhang also pointed out that China is gravely concerned by the recent repeated public dismissal of the two-state solution by some Israeli politicians and their rejection of any international effort toward independent Palestinian statehood.
Noting that “Gaza is an inalienable part of Palestine, and the two-state solution is the bottom line of international justice and the only viable path toward the settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli issue,” he said that China urges Israel to stop without delay eroding the foundation of the two-state solution, “halt the forced displacement of Palestinian civilians, and cease the searches, arrests, and raids in the West Bank.”
The historical wrongs suffered by Palestine must be righted. Palestine’s aspiration for independent statehood must be fulfilled. China supports Palestine in becoming a member of the United Nations as soon as possible, and calls for the convening of a larger, more authoritative, and more effective international peace conference to push for a comprehensive, just, and lasting solution to the question of Palestine, he said.
ACC probes corruption claims involving ex-MPs and ministers
MDP submits an anti-defection bill
Remarks by H.E. Ambassador Wang Lixin at the 2024 “Happy Chinese New Year” Cultural Performance
Govt launches ‘Addu Asseyri Tourism Development Plan’
Chinese envoy: Immediate ceasefire in Gaza is the universal call
Military ships from India, Sri Lanka in Maldives for joint exercise
President concludes tour of four southern atolls
Elections Commission grants approval to form Maldives Solidarity Party.
Parliament’s 06th May Terror Attack Report Highlights Defence Minister Mariya Ali Didi’s Negligence.
Former President Mohamed Nasheed revokes support for the current administration in an open letter.
Leaked documents show India refused to withdraw military personnel and helicopters from the Maldives even after their Visa’s expired.
Hiyaa flats- pigeon coops, negative stereotyping and lobbying.
President Abdulla Yameen officially calls for the removal of Indian military personnel in the Maldives.
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